Fatty Liver Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Fatty Liver article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Ascites: An abnormal accumulation of fluid within the abdomen. There are many causes of as...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Bariatric: Pertaining to the study, prevention, or treatment of overweight.

Bariatric surgery: Surgery on the stomach and/or intestines to help a person with extrem...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound that is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from r...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Celiac disease: A disorder resulting from an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in...

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Celiac sprue: An immune disorder whereby the small intestine is injured when exposed to gl...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Enlarged liver: A liver that is greater in size than normal. Enlarged liver is also known ...

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Enlarged spleen: Splenomegaly, or an enlargement of the spleen. This condition can occur w...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Ferritin: The major protein concerned with iron storage. The blood ferritin level serves a...

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Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Gluten: A protein found in wheat or related grains and many foods that we eat. Gluten can ...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Hepatocellular carcinoma: A cancer arising from the liver cells (hepatocytes). Liver damag...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver biopsy: A procedure in which a small sample of the liver is removed for the diagnosi...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Morbidity: Illness, disease.

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Obese: Well above ones normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obe...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rib: One of the 12 paired arches of bone that form the skeletal structure of the chest wal...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Splenomegaly: Abnormal enlargement of the spleen. Splenomegaly is a sign of an underlying ...

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Steatohepatitis: Fatty inflammation of the liver, usually in alcoholics. Steato- refers to...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused by a virus. Specific hepatitis viruses have bee...

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Wasting: 1. Gradual loss (for example, of weight), deterioration, emaciation. As in...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Medical Dictionary