Female Sexual Problems Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Female Sexual Problems article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Alzheimer disease: See: Alzheimer's disease.

Anorgasmia: Failure to achieve orgasm (climax) during sexual intercourse. Anorgasmia has m...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antipsychotic: A medication (or another measure) that is believed to be effective in the t...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Clitoral: Pertaining to the clitoris, the small elongated erectile body in the female homo...

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Clitoris: A small mass of erectile tissue in the female that is situated at the anterior a...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Contraction: The tightening and shortening of a muscle.

Cyst: A closed sac or capsule, usually filled with fluid or semisolid material.

Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dilator: A device used to stretch or enlarge an opening. Patients with scarring of the eso...

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Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Dyspareunia: Pain during sexual intercourse. There are many causes of dyspareunia, includi...

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Effective dose: The dose of a drug that will achieve the desired effect.

Endometriosis: The presence of tissue that normally grows inside the uterus (womb) in an ...

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Erectile dysfunction: A consistent inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual ...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Family therapy: A type of psychotherapy designed to identify family patterns that contribu...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Group therapy: 1) A type of psychiatric care in which several patients meet with one or m...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Impotence: A common problem among men characterized by the consistent inability to sustai...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Kegel exercises: Exercises designed to increase muscle strength and elasticity in the fema...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Labia: Lips, the fleshy folds that surround the opening of the mouth (oral labia) or the v...

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Labor: Childbirth, the process of delivering a baby and the placenta, membranes, and umbil...

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Libido: 1. Sexual drive. 2. In psychoanalysis, the psychic energy from all ...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Lubricant: An oily or slippery substance. A vaginal lubricant may be helpful for women who...

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Mammogram: An X-ray of the breast that is taken with a device that compresses and flattens...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Orgasm: A series of muscle contractions in the genital region that is accompanied by sudde...

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Orgasmic disorder: See: Anorgasmia.

Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

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Ovarian cancer: A malignant tumor of the ovary, the egg sac in a female. Women who have a ...

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Ovarian cyst: A fluid-filled sac in the ovary.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pap test: A screening test for cervical cancer that involves the microscopic examination o...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Perimenopause: The time in a woman's life when physiological changes occur that begin the...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Progestin: Any one of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behavior disorders, mental illness, or any other conditi...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Radiology: The medical specialty concerned with radiation for the diagnosis and treatment ...

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Rape: Forced sexual intercourse; sexual assault; sexual intercourse between an adult and a...

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Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Retinitis pigmentosa: A group of inherited disorders in which abnormalities of the photore...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microo...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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SSRI: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, one of a family of antidepressant medication...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tiredness: See: Tired.

Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Uterine cancer: A malignant tumor of the uterus (womb), which occurs most often in women b...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vaginal opening: The exterior opening to the vagina, the muscular canal that extends from ...

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Vaginismus: A sexual dysfunction in women characterized by a painful, involuntary tighteni...

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Vaginitis: Inflammation of the vagina. The vagina is the muscular canal extending from th...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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Vulva: The female external genital organs, including the labia, clitoris, and entrance to ...

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