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Fever in Children (cont.)

Prognosis of Fever in Children

The prognosis for a child with a fever is excellent.

  • Most illnesses that cause fever last three to seven days.
  • Sometimes, treatment of bacterial infections fails at home, and a child will need to be hospitalized.
  • Meningitis and bacterial blood infections have a much more serious prognosis than the far more common viral infections.


Armon, K., T. Stephenson, R. MacFaul, P. Hemingway, U. Werneke, and S. Smith. "An Evidence and Consensus Based Guideline for the Management of a Child After a Seizure." Emerg Med J 20 (2003): 13-20.

Chiappini, E., N. Principi, R. Longhi, P.A. Tovo, P. Becherucci, F. Bonsignori, et al. "Management of Fever in Children: Summary of the Italian Pediatric Society Guidelines." Clin Ther 31 (2009): 1826-1843.

Ely, J.W.,  and M. Seabury Stone. "The Generalized Rash: Part II. Diagnostic Approach." Am Fam Physician 81 (2010): 735-739.

Goldstein, B., B. Giroir, and A. Randolph.  "International Pediatric Sepsis Consensus Conference: Definitions for Sepsis and Organ Dysfunction in Pediatrics." Pediatr Crit Care Med 6 (2005): 2-8.

Kimia, A.A., A.J. Capraro, D. Hummel, P. Johnston, and M.B. Harper. "Utility of Lumbar Puncture for First Smple Febrile Seizure Among Children 6 to 18 Months of Age." Pediatrics 123 (2009): 6-12.

Paulus, S., and S. Dobson. "Febrile Neutropenia in Children With Cancer." Adv Exp Med Biol 634 (2009): 185-204.

Pierce, C.A., and B. Voss. "Efficacy and Safety of Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen in Children and Adults: A Meta-analysis and Qualitative Review." Ann Pharmacother 44 (2010): 489-506.

Tolan Jr., R.W. "Fever of Unknown Origin: A Diagnostic Approach to This Vexing Problem." Clin Pediatr (Phila) 49 (2010): 207-213.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/22/2015

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Fever in the Young Infant »

This article addresses the often-challenging task of diagnosing and treating febrile illnesses in infants younger than 60 days and discusses appropriate testing, treatment, and disposition of these patients.

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