Fifth Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Fifth Disease article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information...

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Endocrinology: The study of the medical aspects of hormones, including diseases and condit...

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Erythema: Redness of the skin that results from capillary congestion. Erythema can occur w...

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Erythema infectiosum: A sometimes-used Latin name for fifth disease. See Fifth disease.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fifth disease: An oddly named disease caused by a virus called parvovirus B 19. (In the pr...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hydrops fetalis: Gross edema (swelling), usually with anemia, of the fetus. It can be d...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Parvovirus B19: See: Fifth disease

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Slapped cheek: See: Fifth disease

Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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