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Fifth Disease (cont.)

Follow-up for Fifth Disease

By the time fifth disease is recognized, the period of greatest risk for spreading the illness has already passed. Therefore, parents must use caution and good judgment about when to send children back to school or day care. Routine exclusion of pregnant women from the workplace where this illness is occurring is not recommended. Pregnant women with significant exposure should see their doctor for counseling, possible testing, and reassurance.

How Can One Prevent Fifth Disease?

To decrease the risk of transmitting the virus, anyone with fifth disease as well as those around the infected person must practice regular hand washing and throw away tissues containing nasal secretions.

Fifth Disease Prognosis and Complications

Fifth disease produces mild symptoms that go away on their own. Complications may occur in people who have weakened immune systems (such as those infected with HIV, undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, or taking immunosuppressive drugs). Complications are rare but may also occur to the unborn fetus in pregnant women. Women infected with parvovirus B19 can miscarry when the fetus becomes significantly swollen (a condition called hydrops fetalis).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/10/2016

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