Finger Infection Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Finger Infection article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acyclovir: (Brand name: Zovirax) One of a group of antiviral drugs that acts against the h...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Bursae: Plural of bursa.

Cellulitis: A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by r...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail cons...

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Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Genital herpes: An infection by human herpes virus that is transmitted through intimate co...

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Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Inpatient: A patient whose care requires a stay in a hospital. As opposed to an outpatient...

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Insect sting: A sting from a stinging insect, such as a bee, hornet, yellow jacket, or was...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nail: In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used t...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palm: The grasping side of the hand; the flexor surface of the hand. In contrast to the ba...

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Paronychia: Inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail due to infection or i...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Puncture wound: An injury that is caused by a pointed object that pierces or penetrates th...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Radial: A word with diverse meanings in medicine and the biomedical sciences:

  1. Pe...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sexually transmitted infection: An infection that can be transferred from one person to an...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ulnar: Pertaining to the ulna, the larger bone in the forearm.

Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Zovirax: Brand name of Acyclovir.

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Medical Dictionary