Finger Injuries Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Finger Injuries article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability...

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Avulsion: Tearing away. A nerve can be avulsed by an injury, as can part of a bone.

Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Collateral: In anatomy, a collateral is a subordinate or accessory part. A collateral is a...

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Crush injury: An injury that occurs because of pressure from a heavy object onto a body pa...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Distal: The more (or most) distant of two (or more) things. For example, the distal end of...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail cons...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Hammer: The malleus.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Jammed finger: Lay terminology that refers to an injury of the finger joints. The most com...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Laceration: A cut.

Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Mallet: The malleus.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nail: In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used t...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pain management: The process of providing medical care that alleviates or reduces pain. Mi...

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Palm: The grasping side of the hand; the flexor surface of the hand. In contrast to the ba...

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Paronychia: Inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail due to infection or i...

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Phalanges: The bones of the fingers and of the toes. There are generally three phalanges (...

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Phalanx: Anatomically, any one of the bones in the fingers or toes. (Plural: phalanges.) T...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Probe: (1) In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to e...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proxim...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ulnar: Pertaining to the ulna, the larger bone in the forearm.

Volar: Pertaining to the palm or the sole. For example, the volar surface of the forearm i...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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Medical Dictionary