Finger Injuries (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Finger Injuries Prognosis
Prognosis depends on the type and severity of injury. For certain hand injuries, the follow-up and rehabilitation may be the most important factor in the ultimate outcome. The goal is for the patient to have full use of the finger with no stiffness or pain.
Media file 1: Phalanges (bones) of the finger. The distal, or furthest, phalanx (the tip under the fingernail); the middle phalanx; and the proximal, or closest, phalanx. Anatomy of the tendons and ligaments of the finger.
Finger Injury Pictures
Media type: Illustration/PicturesMedia file 4: Mallet finger. The extensor tendon is torn away from its attachment to the distal phalanx (top). The tendon tears away a small piece of bone with it, causing an avulsion fracture (bottom).
Media type: Illustration/PictureMedia file 5: Swan neck deformity. The volar plate is torn, causing the joint to open abnormally under the pull of the extensor ligaments.
Media type: Illustration/PictureMedia file 6: Boutonniere deformity. The stabilizing part of the extensor tendon, called the central slip, is torn. The rest of the tendon slides toward the palm and causes the finger to bend abnormally.
Media type: Illustration/PictureMedia file 7: Anatomy of the fingernail. Top - The normal fingernail. Bottom - Nail bed laceration with subungual hematoma.
Media type: Illustration/Picture
Medically reviewed by Aimee V. HachigianGould, MD; American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/3/2015
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