First Aid (cont.)
Disaster, Home, Office, Boat, Car First Aid Kits
There are a variety of commercial first aid kits available that can be used
at home, on the road, and at play. They share the same basic supplies for
care (cuts and scrapes), as well as supplies for
making a splint or a sling.
Outdoor first aid will have a blanket, gloves and a signaling device. The benefit
of a premade kit is that the supplies are assembled in a hard box or nylon bag
and are easily accessible, and the can be restocked easily. The
downside is that you pay for that convenience. Most of the supplies are
inexpensive and can be stored in a plastic container.
Disaster Supply Kit for the Home
FEMA suggests the following for a basic disaster supplies it.
A basic emergency supply kit could include a first aid kit and the following recommended items:
- Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for
drinking and sanitation
- Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
- Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone
alert and extra batteries for both
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Whistle to signal for help
- Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and
duct tape to shelter-in-place
- Moist towelettes, garbage bags, and plastic ties for personal
- Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
- Manual can opener for food
- Local maps
- Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
Basic First Aid Kit for the Home
In any emergency a family member or you yourself may suffer an injury. If you
have these basic first aid supplies you are better prepared to help your loved
ones when they are hurt. Knowing how to treat minor injuries can make a difference in an emergency.
You may consider taking a first aid class, but simply having the following
things can help in a medical emergency.
The best place to keep a first aid kit is in the kitchen. Most family
activities take place there. The bathroom has too much humidity, which shortens
the shelf life of many items.
A basic first aid kit should have the following:
- Two pairs of Latex or other sterile gloves if someone is allergic to
- Sterile dressings to stop bleeding
- Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes
- Antibiotic ointment
- Burn ointment
- Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes
- Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant
- Prescription medications that are taken every day such as insulin, heart
Periodically rotate medicines to
account for expiration dates.
- Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure
monitoring equipment and supplies
- Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
- Oral antihistamine (Benadryl, etc.)
- Anesthetic spray (Bactine) or lotion (Calamine) for insect stings,
bites, or rashes
- Oral decongestant
Other first aid supplies:
- Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
First Aid Kit for the Boat
Since it may take significant time for a boat to dock, or if for an
emergency on the water, having
the full home first aid kit is reasonable. In addition, the following should be
- A reflective warming blanket.
- Meclizine (Antivert) over the counter tablets for nausea or
- Benadryl over the counter tablets for allergic reactions
- Aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen. Aspirin would be the medication of choice should
someone complain of chest pain.
First Aid Kit for the Car
Less equipment is needed for the car, and climate and geography
will also play a part in designing a first aid kit. Some additions include the
- A warm blanket and some food and water supply is worthwhile,
especially when travelling in wintry or isolated conditions
- Emergency flags
- Lite sticks or Glo sticks
- Rain poncho
Medication is usually not
needed, especially anything that may cause sedation as a side effect (like
Benadryl or meclizine). Driving is not recommended after taking these
REFERENCES: Last Editorial Review: 2/13/2012 6:53:15 PM
CDC.gov. What You Can Do To Prevent Falls.
Ready.gov. Basic Diaster Supplies Kit.
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