Flatulence (Gas) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Flatulence (Gas) article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Activated charcoal: Charcoal that has been heated to increase its ability to absorb molecu...

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Aerophagia: Swallowing too much air, a common cause of gas in the stomach and belching. Ev...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, usually associated with infection of the appen...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Belching: A normal process of releasing through the mouth air that accumulates in the stom...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Burp: 1. Gas brought up from the stomach through the mouth producing a gutteral noi...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carbohydrate: One of the three nutrient compounds, along with fat and protein, used as ene...

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Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

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Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Diverticulitis: Inflammation of the diverticula (small outpouchings) along the wall of th...

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Diverticulosis: Diverticulosis is the condition of having diverticula, small outpouchings...

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Enzyme: A protein (or protein-based molecule) that speeds up a chemical reaction in a livi...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Flatulence: Excess gas in the intestinal tract. But excess flatulence is difficult to defi...

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Flatus: Gas in the intestinal tract or gas passed through the anus. Intestinal gas contain...

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Fructose: A sugar that occurs naturally in fruits and honey. Fructose has 4 calories per g...

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Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gallstones: Stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones can be as smal...

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Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastroparesis: A disease of the muscles of the stomach or the nerves controlling the muscl...

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GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hippocrates: (c.460-377BC) Great Greek physician on the Mediterranean island of Cos, who f...

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Hydrogen: The most plentiful element in the universe and one present in all organic compou...

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Hyperventilation: Overbreathing. Hyperventilation causes dizziness, lightheadedness, a sen...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Intestinal gas: The complaint referred to as "intestinal gas" is a common one an...

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Intestinal obstruction: Blockage of the intestine by infolding (intussusception), malform...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Lactase: Enzyme that breaks down the milk sugar lactose into glucose and galactose. Perso...

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Lactase deficiency: Lack of the enzyme lactase in the small intestine. Lactase is needed t...

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Lactose: The sugar found in milk. Lactose is a large sugar molecule that is made up of two...

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Lactose intolerance: The inability to digest lactose, a component of milk and some other d...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Malabsorption: Poor intestinal absorption of nutrients. Malabsorption can occur from disea...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nitrogen: Element number 7, a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is biologically impo...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Parasitic: Having to do with a parasite, as in a parasitic infection; or acting like a par...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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