Food Poisoning Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Food Poisoning article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Amoeba: Also ameba. A single-celled (protozoan) organism that constantly changes shape. ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antiparasitic: Effective in the treatment of parasites. For example, nitazoxanide (Alinis)...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Botulinum toxin: A toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that is th...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Ciguatera: Seafood poisoning due to ciguatoxin, a toxin acquired by eating fish that have ...

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Clostridium: A group of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen)...

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Clostridium perfringens: A bacterium that is the most common cause of gas gangrene, a leth...

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Critical care: The specialized care of patients whose conditions are life-threatening and ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Food poisoning: The illness resulting from eating food or drinking water containing poison...

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Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis can cause...

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Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

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Giardia: A genus of protozoa that infect the gastrointestinal tract of some animals, incl...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Listeria: A group of bacteria capable of causing illness including potentially fata...

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Listeriosis: A disease that is caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Liste...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Nicotine: An alkaloid (a nitrogen-containing chemical) made by the tobacco plant or produc...

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Norovirus: A group of viruses that are a common cause of food poisoning and acute gastroen...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathogen: An agent of disease. For example, Bacillus anthracis is the pathogen that causes...

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Poison: Any substance that can cause severe organ damage or death if ingested, breathed in...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Polychlorinated biphenyls: See: PCBs.

Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Ricin: A potent protein toxin made from the waste left over from processing castor beans. ...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Salmonella: A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever and a number of other illnesses...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stomach flu: A gastrointestinal illness caused by a microorganism. Stomach flu is not rela...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

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Taenia: In medicine, taenia is a genus (group) of large tapeworms some of which are parasi...

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Taenia solium: A tapeworm that can parasitize people and can be contracted from undercooke...

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Thermometer: A device used to measure the temperature of gaseous, liquid or solid matter o...

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Toxicology: The study of the nature, effects, and detection of poisons (toxins) and the tr...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Toxoplasma gondii: A single-celled parasite that causes toxoplasmosis (toxo) .

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Medical Dictionary