John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
One can see the dark "hole" in the center of the eye called a pupil. It should be round as shown here (other shapes suggest injury). The pupil is surrounded by the iris, the colored part of the eye. The light can be seen reflecting off the cornea, the curved, clear covering of the eye. The white portion is the sclera, and the blood vessels are within the conjunctiva, which covers the sclera. Courtesy Christopher-Patrick Photography, Winston-Salem, NC.
An excellent home remedy to protect the eye after an injury is placing the bottom of a Styrofoam or paper cup over the eye. Cut the cup at an angle to help it fit over the eye. Courtesy Christopher-Patrick Photography, Winston-Salem, NC.
After one has cut the cup, tape it over the eye with two pieces of tape. More tape may be needed for small children who will try to remove the cup. One should be cautious with small children if they are combative. If the child will not cooperate with attempts to cover the eye, do not risk further injury. Courtesy Christopher-Patrick Photography, Winston-Salem, NC.
Eye InjuriesEye injuries range from the very minor, such as getting soap in the eye, to the catastrophic, resulting in permanent loss of vision. Treatment of eye injuries d...learn more >>
Eye PainEye pain has many causes, signs, symptoms, and treatments. It's also described as pain behind the eye, eye socket pain, or shooting pain in the eye. Headaches a...learn more >>
Hyphema (Bleeding in Eye)Trauma to the eye can cause bleeding in the front (or anterior chamber) of the eye between the cornea and the iris. This bleeding into the anterior chamber of t...learn more >>