Frequent Urination Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Frequent Urination article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bladder cancer: A common form of cancer that begins in the lining of the bladder. The most...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Botox: A highly purified preparation of botulinum toxin A, a toxin produced by the bacteri...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cystitis: Inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be due for example to infection from ...

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Cystoscope: An optical instrument (a scope) that is inserted through the urethra into the...

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Cystoscopy: A procedure in which a lighted optical instrument called a cystoscope is inser...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Drip: Short for intravenous drip, a device for administering a fluid drop-by-drop into a v...

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Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Dysuria: Pain during urination, or difficulty urinating. Dysuria is usually caused by infl...

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EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Ejaculation: Ejection of sperm and seminal fluid during an orgasm in a male.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flush: (1) A redness of the skin, typically over the cheeks or neck. A flush is usually ...

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Gestation: The period of time from conception to birth.

Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Interstitial: Pertaining to being between things, especially between things that are norma...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Kegel exercises: Exercises designed to increase muscle strength and elasticity in the fema...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Nocturia: Excessive urinating at night. Nocturia can be normal and more common with aging....

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Overactive bladder: A sudden involuntary contraction of the muscular wall of the bladder c...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Percutaneous: Through the skin. For example, a percutaneous biopsy is a biopsy that is obt...

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Polyuria: The excessive passage of urine (at least 2.5 liters per day for an adult) result...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sacral: Referring to the sacrum. For example, sacral agenesis is absence of all or part of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Smooth muscle: Along with skeletal and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Type 2 diabetes: See Diabetes, type 2.

Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary incontinence: The unintentional loss of urine. Inability to hold urine in the blad...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urinary urgency: An immediate unstoppable urge to urinate, due to a sudden involuntary con...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Medical Dictionary