John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
Urinary tract infection: The lining of the urethra (the tube that carries
urine from the bladder out of the body) and bladder becomes inflamed and
irritated due to byproducts of an infection (blood, white blood cells,
bacteria). This irritation of the bladder wall causes the urge to empty the
bladder frequently (called frequency).
Diabetes: An early symptom of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be
frequent urination, as the body tries to rid itself of unused glucose (blood
sugar) through the urine. Diabetes can also damage the nerves that control the
bladder, causing frequent urination and difficulty controlling your bladder
Diuretic use: Medications used to treat high blood pressure or fluid buildup
work in the kidney and flush excess fluid from the body, causing frequent
Prostate problems: An enlarged prostate can press against the
urethra and block the flow of urine, causing the bladder wall to become
irritated. The bladder contracts even when it contains small amounts of urine,
causing more frequent urination. Brachytherapy (sealed source radiotherapy, or
"seed treatment" for prostate cancer) can cause frequent urination in about one-third
Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and the growing uterus placing
pressure on the bladder cause frequent urination, even in the early weeks of
gestation. The trauma from vaginal childbirth can also cause damage to the
Interstitial cystitis: This condition is characterized by pain in the
bladder and pelvic region, often leading to frequent urination.
other neurological diseases: Damage to nerves that supply the bladder can lead
to problems with bladder function, including frequent and sudden urges to
Bladder cancer: Tumors taking up space or causing bleeding in the
bladder may lead to more frequent urination.
Overactive bladder syndrome:
Often frequent urination is itself the problem. Involuntary bladder contractions
lead to frequent and often urgent urination, even if the bladder is not full.
Drinking too much: Ingesting more fluids than your body needs can cause the body
to urinate more often.
Artificial sweeteners, alcohol, caffeine and other
foods: Alcohol and caffeine can act as diuretics, which can cause more frequent
urination. Carbonated drinks, artificial sweeteners (such as Splenda or Equal),
and citrus fruits are known to irritate the bladder, causing more frequent