Frostbite Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Frostbite article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chilblain: An injury due to cold temperatures that, although painful, causes little or no ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic pain: Pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over ...

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Cold injury: An injury caused by exposure to extreme cold that can lead to loss of body pa...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dilatation: The process of enlargement or expansion. Also known as dilation.

Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Frostbite: Damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cel...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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High altitude: Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude?

Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proxim...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Respiratory rate: The number of breaths per minute or, more formally, the number of moveme...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sensory: Relating to sensation, to the perception of a stimulus, to the voyage made by inc...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Skin color: The color of skin which is complexly determined. Skin color depends on many fa...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgeon General: In the United States, the chief medical officer of the U.S. Public Health...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tissue plasminogen activator: (tPA) An enzyme that helps dissolve clots. tPA is made by th...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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Medical Dictionary