Gangrene Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Gangrene article.

Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

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Anaerobic: Not requiring oxygen. Anaerobic bacteria, for example, do not require oxygen to...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antiseptic: Something that discourages the growth microorganisms. By contrast, aseptic ref...

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Arteriogram: An X-ray in which an injection of dye shows blood vessels.

Arteriosclerosis: Hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis ...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Crush injury: An injury that occurs because of pressure from a heavy object onto a body pa...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Curable: Amenable to a cure, capable of being cured, to being healed and made well. From ...

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Debridement: The act of debriding (removing dead, contaminated or adherent tissue or forei...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Frostbite: Damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cel...

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Gangrene: Tissue death due to loss of adequate blood supply. Sometimes bacteria invade suc...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hyperbaric: Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also perta...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prosthetics: The art and science of developing artificial replacements for body parts. Dep...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Raynaud's disease: A condition that results in discoloration of the skin on the fingers an...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Skin color: The color of skin which is complexly determined. Skin color depends on many fa...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary