Gastritis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Gastritis article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antiemetics: 1. As a noun, a drug taken to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting. As...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Belching: A normal process of releasing through the mouth air that accumulates in the stom...

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Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Dyspepsia: Indigestion. A condition characterized by upper abdominal symptoms that may inc...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endoscope: A lighted optical instrument that is used to get a deep look inside the body. A...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flare: 1. an exacerbation of a chronic disease. Sometimes referred to as a flare-up, a fla...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach.

Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heartburn: An uncomfortable feeling of burning and warmth occurring in waves rising up be...

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Helicobacter pylori: A bacterium that causes stomach inflammation (gastritis) and ulcers i...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Histamine: A substance that plays a major role in many allergic reactions, dilating blood ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Internal bleeding: Bleeding inside the body that is not seen from the outside. Internal bl...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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NSAID: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, a medication that is commonly prescribed or pu...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Pernicious anemia: Low red blood cell count caused by inadequate vitamin B12. Abbreviated ...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Probe: (1) In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to e...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacterium ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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