Gastroenteritis Topic Guide
Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu): Gastroenteritis (stomach flu) is most commonly caused by viruses and bacteria like rotavirus, adenovirus, parvovirus, and astrovirus. Bacteria causing gastroenteritis include Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, salmonella, shigella, and Campylobacter, and C difficile. Other causes may be due to chemical toxins. Treatment of gastroenteritis depends upon the cause.
Diarrhea Diarrhea can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, parasites, intestinal diseases or conditions, reactions to medications, and food intolerance. Symptoms of diarrhea include watery stools, abdominal cramping, fever, and dehydration. Most cases of diarrhea can be treated at home. In some cases (in the elderly, small children, or those with severe or chronic medical conditions) may need to be hospitalized due to dehydration.
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