Condoms and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Medical Author: Medical Authors: Barbara K. Hecht,
Frederick Hecht, M.D.
Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective in preventing transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. In addition, correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including discharge and genital ulcer diseases. While the effect of condoms in preventing human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is unknown, condom use has been associated with a lower rate of cervical cancer, an HPV–associated disease.