Giardiasis Topic Guide
Giardiasis: Giardiasis is an infection of the small bowel caused by Giardia lamblia. It is the most common intestinal parasitic disease in the U.S. Causes of giardiasis include contaminated water and food supplies, and person to person contact. Symptoms of giardiasis include diarrhea, weight loss, bloating, gas, constipation, nausea, vomiting, rash, and fever. Treatment of giardiasis is generally with antibiotics.
Dehydration in Children Dehydration in children can result from not drinking enough liquids, vomiting, diarrhea, or combination of these conditions. Causes of dehydration in children include viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections, diabetes, and increased sweating, and others. Symptoms include sunken eyes, decrease in urination, no tears when crying, dry mouth, lethargy, and irritability. Treatment at home includes proper fluid replacement. Some cases of dehydration are so severe they may require hospitalization.