Gingivitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Gingivitis article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Addison disease: Long-term underfunction of the outer portion of the adrenal gland. In med...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fluoride: A compound of fluorine with another element or radical. Fluoride containing com...

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Gingivitis: Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appea...

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Gum disease: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surr...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells. Strictly speaking, leukemia should refer only to canc...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Macrophage: A type of white blood cell that ingests foreign material. Macrophages are key ...

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Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fibers and support...

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Periodontitis: Gum disease. The word "periodontitis" literally means "inflammation around...

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Plaque: 1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an a...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Trench mouth: A progressive painful infection of the mouth and throat with ulceration, s...

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Ulcerative gingivitis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulcerat...

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Wegener's granulomatosis: An uncommon type of inflammation of small arteries and veins (va...

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