Gingivitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Gingivitis article.

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Calculus: A stone, as in the urinary tract, or calcium salt deposits on the teeth. In Lati...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fluoride: A compound of fluorine with another element or radical. Fluoride containing com...

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Gingiva: The gums.

Gingivitis: Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appea...

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Gum disease: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surr...

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Halitosis: An unpleasant odor from the mouth, commonly referred to as bad breath. Halitosi...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Hyperplasia: An increase in the number of normal cells in a tissue or an organ. Hyperplasi...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Periodontitis: Gum disease. The word "periodontitis" literally means "inflammation around...

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Plaque:1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an are...

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Precursor: Forerunner. That which precedes or is derived from an available source.

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Ulcerative gingivitis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulcerat...

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