Gout Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Gout article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Achilles tendon: One of the longest tendons in the body, a tough sinew that attaches the c...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute pain: Pain that comes on quickly, can be severe, but lasts a relatively shorter peri...

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Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biochemical: Relating to biochemistry, the application of the tools and concepts of chemis...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Colchicine: A substance found in a plant that is used in clinical medicine for the treatme...

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Colic: A cause of crampy abdominal pain in early infancy. Colic is a common condition, occ...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flare: 1. an exacerbation of a chronic disease. Sometimes referred to as a flare-up, a fla...

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Fructose: A sugar that occurs naturally in fruits and honey. Fructose has 4 calories per g...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Gouty arthritis: An attack that is usually extremely painful of joint inflammation due to ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Joint aspiration: A procedure whereby a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain joint...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Maintenance therapy: Treatment designed to help the original primary treatment to succeed....

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Niacin: Nicotinic acid, one of the B-complex B vitamins. Deficiency of niacin in the diet...

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Nicotinic acid: Deficiency of nicotinic acid (also known as niacin), one of the B-complex ...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Pseudogout: Inflammation of the joints that is caused by deposits of calcium pyrophosphate...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

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Rheumatologist: A specialist in the non-surgical treatment of rheumatic illnesses, especia...

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Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tophi: Plural of tophus.

Tophus: A nodular mass of uric acid crystals. Tophi are characteristically deposited in di...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Urate: A salt derived from uric acid. When the body cannot metabolize uric acid properly,...

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Uric acid: A breakdown product of purines that are part of many foods. In gout, there are ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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Yogurt: A dairy product made by fermented milk with one or more bacterial cultures. It has...

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