Growth Hormone Deficiency FAQs Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Growth Hormone Deficiency FAQs article.

Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Bioinformatics: The sum of the computational approaches to analyze, manage, and store biol...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Dry skin: Abnormally dry skin. Can be caused by a dry climate, winter weather, deficiency...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Growth hormone: A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of anoth...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Human growth: See: Normal growth.

Hypothyroid: Deficiency of thyroid hormone which is normally made by the thyroid gland wh...

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Idiopathic: Of unknown cause. Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be te...

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Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

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Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is ca...

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Prader-Willi syndrome: A syndrome characterized by severe hypotonia (floppiness), poor suc...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Somatropin: Growth hormone made by the pituitary gland or a synthetic version of that horm...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Thyroid hormone: A chemical substance made by the thyroid gland for export into the bloods...

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Tiredness: See: Tired.

Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three ...

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Turner syndrome: The most common sex chromosome disorder in females, characterized by shor...

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