Gynecomastia Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Gynecomastia article.

Adipose: Fatty. Adipose refers to tissue made up of mainly fat cells such as the yellow la...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Axillary: Pertaining to the armpit, the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and the bod...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic kidney failure: See: Chronic renal failure.

Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Estrogens: Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteop...

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Excision: 1. Surgical removal, as in the excision of a tumor. 2. The remov...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Gynecomastia: Excessive development of the male breasts. Temporary enlargement of the brea...

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HAART: Stands for highly active antiretroviral therapy....

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Heroin: Semisynthetic drug derived from morphine. Discovered in 1874, it was introduced co...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liposuction: The surgical suctioning of fat deposits from specific parts of the body, the ...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Male breast cancer: Breast cancer in men. Male breast cancer is much less common than brea...

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Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Marijuana: A common street and recreational drug that comes from the marijuana plant: the ...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Nipple discharge: See: Breast discharge.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate cancer: A malignant tumor of the prostate, the gland that produces some of the co...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Testes: Plural of testis.

Testicular cancer: A malignant tumor of the male sex organ (testicle) that normally produc...

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Testosterone: A "male hormone" -- a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages th...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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