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Gynecomastia (cont.)

Surgery

When medical treatment is not effective, surgical removal of breast tissue has been used to treat gynecomastia. Both liposuction and direct excision techniques may be used. Gynecomastia surgery is generally safe, but as with any type of surgery, risks and complications can include infection, bleeding, and complications of anesthesia.

Follow-up

It is important to return to the health care practitioner for follow-up, whether the patient is undergoing medical or surgical treatment. The doctor will determine how often follow-up visits are necessary.

Prevention

Gynecomastia related to medical conditions can only be prevented to the extent that the underlying or responsible medical condition can be prevented.

Gynecomastia due to hormonal fluctuations that occur during growth or aging can generally not be prevented.

Outlook

Fortunately, in many cases, gynecomastia goes away on its own without the need for specific treatment. Medical and surgical treatments can be effective for persistent gynecomastia. Typically, gynecomastia is not associated with long-term problems, but men with gynecomastia have an increased risk (about five-fold) for developing male breast cancer when compared with the general population. It is likely that the hormonal changes that produce gynecomastia in adult men also increase their risk of developing breast cancer.

Medically reviewed by A Board Certified Family Practice Physician


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/8/2014

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