Gynecomastia Topic Guide
Gynecomastia (Enlarged Breast in Males): Gynecomastia is an enlrgement of the male breast; glandular tissue, not excess fat. Causes of gynecomastia are thought to be hormonal fluctuations during puberty. Certain conditions are associated with gynecomastia and include cirrhosis, kidney failure, testical disorders, aging, testicular cancer, and more. Treatment of gynecomastia is generally with medication or surgery if necessary.
Testicular Torsion Testicular torsion is a painful condition caused by the twisting of the spermatic cord, which causes a loss of blood flow to the testicle. It is a surgical emergency that may result in the loss of the testicle. The main cause is an anatomical abnormality called the bell clapper deformity. Symptoms include testicular pain, with sudden swelling, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or fever. Treatment for testicular torsion is surgery.
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