Hardening of the Arteries (cont.)
Shabir Bhimji, MD
Shehnaz Shaikh, MD
Alan D Forker, MD
IN THIS ARTICLE
Synonyms and Keywords
hardening of the arteries, atherosclerosis, hardened arteries, narrowed arteries, plaque, fatty material deposition, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, bad cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, good cholesterol, smoking, high cholesterol level, hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, hyperhomocysteinemia, angina, chest pain, heart attack, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, intermittent claudication, ECG, stress test, nuclear stress test, angiography, statins, bile acid sequestrants, cholesterol absorption inhibitors, nicotinic acid agents, fibrates, balloon angioplasty, stenting, bypass surgery
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Atherosclerosis is a disease of large and medium-sized muscular arteries and is characterized by endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and the buildup of lipids, cholesterol, calcium, and cellular debris within the intima of the vessel wall.