Hardening of the Arteries (cont.)
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Hardening of the Arteries Causes
The exact cause of arteriosclerosis is not known; however, risk factors for the development and progression of arteriosclerosis have been identified. The risk factors can be divided into factors that can be changed and those that cannot.
Risk factors that can be changed include the following:
Risk factors that cannot be changed include the following:
Shabir Bhimji, MD
Shehnaz Shaikh, MD
Alan D Forker, MD
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Atherosclerosis is a disease of large and medium-sized muscular arteries and is characterized by endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and the buildup of lipids, cholesterol, calcium, and cellular debris within the intima of the vessel wall.