Hardening of the Arteries Topic Guide
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries): Hardening of the arteries (arthrosclerosis) is a disorder that occurs when fat and cholesterol are deposited in the walls of the arteries, and harden into plaque that can block arteries. Cause is unknown, but risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, diet, age, being male or African-American. Hardening of the arteries may range from no symptoms, to heart attack, stroke, or sudden cardiac death. Treatment includes lifestyle modification, medications, or surgery.
High Blood Pressure High blood pressure (hypertension) may be present in an individual, without any symptoms. Thus, it is called the "silent killer." Secondary causes of high blood pressure include heart disease, kidney disease, tumors, birth control, alcohol, thyroid dysfunction and birth control pills. Treatment of high blood pressure is generally through diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.
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