Hardening of the Arteries Topic Guide
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries): Atherosclerosis is the term referring to a hardening of the arteries caused by buildup of fat and cholesterol on the artery walls. The deposits, called plaque, can eventually block bloodflow. Obesity, high cholesterol, age and a number of other factors put people at risk for atherosclerosis. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, surgery, and medication.
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Cholesterol Charts (What the Numbers Mean)
Blood cholesterol levels are measured by a simple blood test. Elevated LDL cholesterol (the "bad" cholesterol), and low levels of HDL cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol) levels, and high triglyceride levels puts a person at an increased risk for heart attack or stroke. HDL, LDL, and triglyceride levels are described as:
The primary goal for a person with high triglycerides or cholesterol levels is to lower them with lifestyle changes like:
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