Hardening of the Arteries Topic Guide
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries): Hardening of the arteries (arthrosclerosis) is a disorder that occurs when fat and cholesterol are deposited in the walls of the arteries, and harden into plaque that can block arteries. Cause is unknown, but risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, diet, age, being male or African-American. Hardening of the arteries may range from no symptoms, to heart attack, stroke, or sudden cardiac death. Treatment includes lifestyle modification, medications, or surgery.
Cholesterol FAQs Test your cholesterol IQ by reading about cholesterol FAQs (cholesterol facts) like the risk factors for high cholesterol (diet, lack of exercise, smoking, heredity) and what you can do to lower your cholesterol level. Lifestyle changes such as weight control, exercise, diet, quitting smoking may lower cholesterol levels. Medication is sometimes necessary if lifestyle changes are not effective in lowering cholesterol levels.
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