Hardening of the Arteries Topic Guide
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries): Atherosclerosis is the term referring to a hardening of the arteries caused by buildup of fat and cholesterol on the artery walls. The deposits, called plaque, can eventually block bloodflow. Obesity, high cholesterol, age and a number of other factors put people at risk for atherosclerosis. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, surgery, and medication.
High Blood Pressure High blood pressure (hypertension) may be present in an individual, without any symptoms. Thus, it is called the "silent killer." Secondary causes of high blood pressure include heart disease, kidney disease, tumors, birth control, alcohol, thyroid dysfunction and birth control pills. Treatment of high blood pressure is generally through diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.
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