Hardening of the Arteries Topic Guide

Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries) Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries): Atherosclerosis is the term referring to a hardening of the arteries caused by buildup of fat and cholesterol on the artery walls. The deposits, called plaque, can eventually block bloodflow. Obesity, high cholesterol, age and a number of other factors put people at risk for atherosclerosis. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, surgery, and medication.




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