Healthy Lifestyles for Seniors Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Healthy Lifestyles for Seniors article.

Advance directives: These directives pertain to treatment preferences and the designation ...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Carbohydrate: One of the three nutrient compounds, along with fat and protein, used as ene...

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Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Dementia: Significant loss of intellectual abilities, such as memory capacity, that is sev...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with ab...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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MPH: Master of public health, a degree designating successful training in analyzing past, ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sleep hygiene: A series of practices and non-medical treatments for insomnia. Sleep hygien...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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