Heart Attack (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Heart Attack Follow-up
Medications that may be recommended on discharge from the hospital include:
Since the heart may have been damaged, further testing may be needed to assess its pumping capabilities. Echocardiography can measure ejection fraction, the amount of blood that heart pumps out to the body compared to how much it receives. A normal ejection fraction should be greater than 50% to 60%.
A monitored exercise program may be arranged.
Attempts will be made to minimize cardiac risk factors including:
Some patients will require coronary artery bypass surgery if their angiogram shows multiple areas of blockage.
In some people, the coronary arteries can go into spasm and cause decreased blood flow to heart muscle. This can lead to chest pain known as Prinzmetal angina, even if there is no buildup of plaque in the blood vessels. In severe episodes the EKG can suggest a heart attack, and muscle damage can be confirmed by measuring cardiac enzymes.
There is a strong correlation between cocaine usage and heart attack. Aside from the artery spasm that cocaine induces, the drug turns on the adrenaline system of the body, increasing pulse rate and blood pressure, requiring the heart to do more work.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/31/2015
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to Heart Attack
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Heart Attack:
Heart attack - Symptoms
What were the symptoms of your heart attack?
Heart Attack - Treatment
What treatment did you undergo after your heart attack?
Heart Attack - Prevention
What prevention measures do you use to avoid getting a heart attack?
Healthy Heart Resources
- Early Care for Your Premature Baby
- What to Eat When You Have Cancer
- When to Take More Pain Medication