Heartburn Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Heartburn article.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dysphagia: Difficulty swallowing. Dysphagia is due to abnormal nerve or muscle control. It...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Esophageal: Related to the esophagus.

Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus.

Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Heartburn: An uncomfortable feeling of burning and warmth occurring in waves rising up be...

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Hernia: A general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of the cavit...

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Hiatal: Pertaining to an hiatus, an opening.

Hiatal hernia: An anatomical abnormality in which part of the stomach protrudes up through...

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Hiatus: An opening, as in the diaphragm. When there is an unusually wide opening in the di...

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Implantation: The act of setting in firmly.

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Manometry: The measurement of pressure using a device called a manometer. Esophageal manom...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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OB/GYN: A commonly used abbreviation. OB is short for obstetrics or for an obstetrician, ...

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Overweight: The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Probe: 1: In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to explore, ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pyrosis: A technical term for what is popularly called heartburn, a burning sensation in t...

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Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sternum: The long flat bone in the upper middle of the front of the chest. The sternum art...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

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Upper GI series: A series of x-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine (upper ...

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