Heat Cramps Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Heat Cramps article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ecstasy: 1. A state of rapture and trancelike elation.
2. A street nam...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heat cramps: Painful muscle spasms in the abdomen, arms, or legs following strenuous activ...

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Heat exhaustion: A warning that the body is getting too hot. The person may be thirsty, gi...

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Heat stroke: A core body temperature that rises above 104 F (40 C) accompanied by hot, dr...

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Heat-related illness: A person with symptoms including headache, nausea, and fatigue after...

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Hyponatremia: Low sodium in the blood. Hyponatremia can be caused by many conditions and w...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Rehydrate: To restore lost water to the body tissues and fluids. Prompt rehydration is imp...

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Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Sweat: A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small ...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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