Font Size

Heat Cramps (cont.)


Heat Cramps Treatment

Patient Comments

A doctor will evaluate the affected individual and may diagnose them with severe heat-related illness symptoms and signs, and possibly provide them with IV fluid rehydration. However, oral rehydration and electrolyte replacement is usually sufficient to treat heat cramps.

Heat Cramps Self-Care and First Aid at Home

Heat cramps usually resolve on their own and don't require any specific home medical treatment. Home remedies to help the heat cramps resolve more quickly include:

  • Rest in a cool place and drink replacement fluids such as electrolyte beverages or sports drinks (for example, Gatorade or Powerade).
  • Stop the activity being performed
  • Go to a cooler environment
  • Gently stretch the muscles that are cramping

Salt tablets by themselves should not be used. They can cause stomach upset and don't adequately replace fluid volume lost.

Heat Cramps Prevention

A person should remove themselves from a hot and humid environment, or hydrate well prior to and during activities in such an environment.

If a person works or exercises in a hot environment, they may experience heat cramps during the first few days of work or exercise. Once accustomed to the environment, and with adequate electrolyte replacement, the affected individual should have no further problems.

Heat Cramps Prognosis

Heat-induced muscle spasms usually resolve without any medical treatment.

REFERENCES: Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/18/2015

Must Read Articles Related to Heat Cramps

Dehydration (Adults)
Dehydration in Adults Dehydration occurs when the loss of body fluids (mostly water), exceeds the amount that is taken in. Causes of dehydration include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, di...learn more >>
Dehydration in Children
Dehydration in Children Dehydration in children can result from not drinking enough liquids, vomiting, diarrhea, or combination of these conditions. Causes of dehydration in children i...learn more >>
Electrolytes Electrolyes including sodium, potassium, and magnesium, are chemicals that help the cells and organs of the body function. Electrolyte imbalance can result from...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Heat Cramps:

Heat Cramps - Signs And Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your heat cramps?

Heat Cramps - Experience

Please share your experience with heat cramps.

Heat Cramps - Causes

What caused your heat cramps?

Heat Cramps - Treatment

What was your treatment for heat cramps?

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Heatstroke »

Heat illness may be viewed as a continuum of illnesses relating to the body's inability to cope with heat.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary