Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori) article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Achromycin: See: Tetracycline.

Adenocarcinoma: A cancer that develops in the lining or inner surface of an organ and usua...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Angina: Chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The pain is ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Coronary artery disease: Impedance or blockage of one or more arteries that supply blood t...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Duodenal: Pertaining to the duodenum, part of the small intestine. As in duodenal ulcer or...

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Duodenal ulcer: A crater (ulcer) in the lining of the beginning of the small intestine (du...

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Duodenum: The first part of the small intestine. The duodenum is a common site for peptic ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community...

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Esophageal: Related to the esophagus.

Esophageal cancer: A malignant tumor of the esophagus. The risk of cancer of the esophagus...

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Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus.

Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastric ulcer: A hole in the lining of the stomach corroded by the acidic digestive juices...

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Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach.

Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract.

Helicobacter pylori: A bacterium that causes stomach inflammation (gastritis) and ulcers i...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lymphoid: Referring to lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, or to tissue in which lymp...

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Lymphoid tissue: The part of the body's immune system that is important for the immune res...

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Lymphoma: A tumor of the lymphoid tissue. The major types of lymphoma are Hodgkin's diseas...

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Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stomach cancer: Cancer of the stomach, the main organ that holds food for digestion. World...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tetracycline: A family of broad-spectrum antibiotics effective against a remarkably wide v...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Medical Dictionary