Hematoma Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hematoma article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abruption: A sudden breaking off or away. Abruption of the placenta (abruptio placentae) i...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

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Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Capillary: A tiny blood vessel that connects an arteriole (the smallest division of an art...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cascade: A sequence of successive activation reactions involving enzymes (enzyme cascade) ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Circulatory: Having to do with circulation, the movement of fluid in a regular or circuito...

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Circulatory system: The system that moves blood throughout the body. The circulatory syste...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Compartment syndrome: A condition in which there is swelling and an increase in pressure w...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Computerized tomography: Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that...

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Contusion: Another name for a bruise. What is a bruise ? A bruise, or contusion, is caused...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Crush injury: An injury that occurs because of pressure from a heavy object onto a body pa...

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Curable: Amenable to a cure, capable of being cured, to being healed and made well. From ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Dura: The outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membranes (meninges) covering...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Ecchymosis: Nonraised skin discoloration caused by the escape of blood into the tissues fr...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Epidural: Outside the dura, the outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membran...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fibrin: The protein that is formed during normal blood clotting and that is the essence of...

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Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail cons...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Hammer: The malleus.

Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hematocrit: The proportion of the blood that consists of packed red blood cells. The hema...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the v...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internal bleeding: Bleeding inside the body that is not seen from the outside. Internal bl...

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International normalized ratio: A system established by the World Health Organization (WHO...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Intracranial: Within the cranium, the bony dome that houses and protects the brain.

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lethal: Deadly.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Meningococcus: A type of bacteria now formally known as Neisseria meningitidis, which is r...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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Miscarriage: Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable pr...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nail: In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used t...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neisseria: A group of bacteria that includes the bacterium that causes gonorrhea.

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Onychomycosis: Fungus infection of the nail bed under the fingernails or toenails. Onychom...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peritoneum: The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers most of the abdominal ...

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Peritonitis: Inflammation of the peritoneum (The peritoneum is the tissue layer of cells l...

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Petechiae: Pinpoint flat round red spots under the skin surface caused by intradermal hemo...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Placenta: A temporary organ that joins the mother and fetus, transferring oxygen and nutri...

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Placenta previa: A condition in which the placenta is implanted near the outlet of the ute...

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Placental: Pertaining to the placenta, the organ joining the mother and fetus during pregn...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Purpura: Hemorrhage (bleeding) into the surface of the skin. The area of skin with purpura...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Radiology: The medical specialty concerned with radiation for the diagnosis and treatment ...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Septum: A dividing wall or enclosure. For example, the septum of the nose is the thin cart...

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Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
2. T...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Sneeze: 1. As a verb, to suddenly expel air through the nose and mouth by an involu...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Subarachnoid: Literally, beneath the arachnoid, the middle of three membranes that cover t...

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Subarachnoid hemorrhage: A bleeding into the subarachnoid, the space between the arachnoid...

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Subdural: Below the dura, the outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membranes...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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