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Hematoma (cont.)

Hematoma Diagnosis

Most hematomas can be evaluated and safely treated without laboratory or radiology tests. Often the health care professional will be able to take a history and perform a physical examination and decide that no further evaluation is required.

However, depending upon the injury or presentation, blood tests may be ordered, including a hemogram to assess the red blood cell count (often the hemoglobin and hematocrit are measured) and clotting studies, including an international normalized ratio (INR), and partial thromboplastin time (PTT), a blood test that measures how long it takes for blood to clot). The INR is routinely measured in individuals taking the blood thinning medication, warfarin to help monitor the individual's medication dosing.

Depending upon the site of injury or other associated factors, the care professional may request additional testing. CT scans are useful in looking for blood in the brain or abdomen. Ultrasound is often used for pregnant patients who present with vaginal bleeding.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/15/2015

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