Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) Topic Guide
Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c): Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is used at times to monitor blood glucose in patients with diabetes. HbA1c is a long-term indicator of blood glucose control, it also monitors the effects of diet, exercise, and drug therapy on the patient's blood glucose. HbA1c cannot be used to monitor day to day blood glucose levels.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when a person with diabetes becomes dehydrated. Causes of diabetic ketoacidosis include infection, missed insulin, or newly diagnosed diabetes. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include excessive thirst, vomiting, confusion, dry skin, dry mouth, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, and more. Treatment is includes fluid and insulin replacement with possible hospitalization.
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