Hemoglobin (Levels) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hemoglobin (Levels) article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Anemic: Relating to anemia, the condition of having less than the normal number of red blo...

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Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Capillary: A tiny blood vessel that connects an arteriole (the smallest division of an art...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Cyanide: Poisoning with cyanide, a rapidly acting, potentially deadly chemical that can ex...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Emphysema: 1) A lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air in the lung's ma...

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Family practice: The medical specialty which provides continuing and comprehensive health ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Folic acid: One of the B vitamins that is a key factor in the synthesis (the making) of nu...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

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Genetic disease: A disease caused by an abnormality in an individual's genome.

Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemoglobin A1c: A minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound. Abbreviated HbA...

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Hemoglobin S: The most common type of abnormal hemoglobin and the basis of sickle cell tr...

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High altitude: Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude?

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Molecule: The smallest unit of a substance that can exist alone and retain the character o...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Pernicious anemia: Low red blood cell count caused by inadequate vitamin B12. Abbreviated ...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Polycythemia: Too many red blood cells. The opposite of anemia. polycythemia formally exis...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Restless legs: See: Restless leg syndrome.

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sickle cell anemia: A genetic blood disease due to the presence of an abnormal form of hem...

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Sickle cell disease: A genetic blood disorder caused by the presence of an abnormal form ...

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Sickle cell trait: The condition in which a person has only one copy of the gene for sickl...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Synthesis: Putting together different entities to make a whole which is new and different....

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Thalassemia: A group of genetic disorders that involve underproduction of hemoglobin, the ...

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Thalassemia major: The dire disease also known as beta thalassemia. The clinical picture o...

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Thalassemia minor: Also called thalassemia trait, thalassemia minor is the carrier state f...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Tobacco smoking: The direct inhalation of tobacco smoke, the basis of major health hazards...

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Trait: In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In techni...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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