Hemophilia Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hemophilia article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bladder infection: Infection of the urinary bladder. Some people are at more risk for blad...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Chromosome: A carrier of genetic information that is visible under an ordinary light micro...

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Chromosomes: The microscopically visible carriers of the genetic material. They are compos...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circumcision: Surgery that removes the foreskin (the loose tissue) covering the glans of t...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Factor VIII: Factor eight, a key factor in the process of blood coagulation (clotting). La...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Father: (1) The male parent. (2) One who originates. For example, "Wilhelm Roentgen is con...

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Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Gross hematuria: Blood in the urine that can be seen with the naked eye. Hematuria may or ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

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Hemophilia: An inherited disorder in which the ability of blood to clot normally is impair...

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Hemophilia A: Classic hemophilia, which is due to a profound deficiency in the activity of...

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Hemophilia B: Hemophilia due to deficiency of coagulation factor IX in the blood, which re...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Hepatitis A: Inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). HAV is usual...

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Hepatitis B: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), once thought to...

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Hepatitis C: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usuall...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intracranial: Within the cranium, the bony dome that houses and protects the brain.

Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Offspring: The progeny, or young, born to a person. In a larger sense, the offspring are c...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Toddler: A young child who is learning to walk with short unsteady steps. The word toddle ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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X chromosome: The sex chromosome that is found twice in normal females and singly, along w...

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