Hemorrhoids Topic Guide

Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids:

Hemorrhoids are large veins in the rectum that cause pain. Causes of hemorrhoids include constipation, straining during a bowel movement, low-fiber diet, and liver disease. Symptoms of internal hemorrhoids are usually painless. External or prolapsed internal hemorrhoid symptoms and signs may include:

  • Pain
  • A lump outside the anus
  • Anal itching
  • Constant urge to have a bowel movement
  • Blood with a bowel movement

There are a variety of over-the-counter treatments for hemorrhoids. Some do not resolve on their own so surgery is necessary.

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