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Hepatitis B (cont.)

Hepatitis B Prevention

In addition to the hepatitis B vaccine, other ways to protect yourself from HBV infection include:

  • If you are sexually active, practice safe sex. Correct use of latex condoms can help prevent transmission of HBV, but even when used correctly, condoms are not 100% effective at preventing transmission. Men who have sex with men should be vaccinated against both hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

  • If you inject drugs, don't share needles or other equipment.

  • Don't share anything (including grooming products) that might have blood on it, such as a razor, toothbrush, fingernail clippers, etc.

  • Think about the health risks if you are planning to get a tattoo or body piercing. You can become infected if the artist or person piercing you does not sterilize needles and equipment, use disposable gloves, or wash hands properly.

  • Health care workers should follow standard precautions and handle needles and sharps safely.

  • If you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant, tell your health care practitioner if you have any of the risk factors for HBV infection.
Medical Editor:

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Hepatitis B »

In 1965, Blumberg et al reported the discovery of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), also known as Australia antigen, and its antibody, hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb).

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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