Hepatitis B Treatment Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hepatitis B Treatment article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

See the entire definition of Abdomen

Acidosis: Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the ac...

See the entire definition of Acidosis

Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

See the entire definition of Allergic reaction

Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

See the entire definition of Anemia

Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

See the entire definition of Antibody

Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

See the entire definition of Antigen

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

See the entire definition of Anxiety

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune

Autoimmune hepatitis: A disease in which the body's immune system attacks liver cells, cau...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune hepatitis

B virus: An infectious agent commonly found among macaque monkeys, including rhesus macaqu...

See the entire definition of B virus

Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

See the entire definition of Breastfeeding

Buffalo hump: a layman's term for the deposition of fat in the area behind the base of the...

See the entire definition of Buffalo hump

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

See the entire definition of Carcinoma

Cascade: A sequence of successive activation reactions involving enzymes (enzyme cascade) ...

See the entire definition of Cascade back to top

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

See the entire definition of CDC

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

See the entire definition of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

See the entire definition of Chills

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

See the entire definition of Cirrhosis

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

See the entire definition of Depression

Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information...

See the entire definition of DNA

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

ENGERIX-B: A vaccine against the hepatitis B virus. ENGERIX-B stimulates the body's immune...

See the entire definition of ENGERIX-B

Enlarged liver: A liver that is greater in size than normal. Enlarged liver is also known ...

See the entire definition of Enlarged liver

Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

See the entire definition of Enzymes

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue back to top

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

See the entire definition of Fever

Hair loss: Hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term for hair loss ...

See the entire definition of Hair loss

HBV: Hepatitis B virus. A virus which primarily causes inflammation of the liver. The hepa...

See the entire definition of HBV

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hemodialysis: A medical procedure to remove fluid and waste products from the blood and to...

See the entire definition of Hemodialysis

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis

Hepatitis B: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), once thought to...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis B

Hepatitis E: A rare form of liver inflammation caused by infection with the hepatitis E vi...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis E

Hepatocellular carcinoma: A cancer arising from the liver cells (hepatocytes). Liver damag...

See the entire definition of Hepatocellular carcinoma

HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

See the entire definition of HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus: HIV, the cause of AIDS. HIV has also previously been called ...

See the entire definition of Human immunodeficiency virus

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system back to top

Immunodeficiency: The inability to form a normal immune response. Immunodeficiency can be ...

See the entire definition of Immunodeficiency

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

See the entire definition of Insomnia

Interferon: A naturally occurring substance that interferes with the ability of viruses t...

See the entire definition of Interferon

Intron: Part of a gene that is initially transcribed into the primary RNA transcript but i...

See the entire definition of Intron

Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

See the entire definition of Jaundice

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Lactic acidosis: Acidosis (too much acid in the body) due to the buildup of lactic acid in...

See the entire definition of Lactic acidosis

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

See the entire definition of Metabolic

Methadone: A synthetic opiate. The most common medical use for methadone is as a legal sub...

See the entire definition of Methadone

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

See the entire definition of Pancreas back to top

Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

See the entire definition of Pharmacist

Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

See the entire definition of Platelet

Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

See the entire definition of Proteins

Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

See the entire definition of Psychiatric

Rebound: The reversal of response upon withdrawal of a stimulus.

RECOMBIVAX-HB: A vaccine against hepatitis B (hep B) to stimulate the body's immune system...

See the entire definition of RECOMBIVAX-HB

Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Red cells: Short for red blood cells, the oxygen/carbon dioxide carrying cells in blood. A...

See the entire definition of Red cells

Reproduction: The production of offspring. Reproduction need not be sexual; for example, y...

See the entire definition of Reproduction

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance

Semen: The fluid that is released through the penis during orgasm. Semen is made up of flu...

See the entire definition of Semen

Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

See the entire definition of Subcutaneous

Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

See the entire definition of Symptomatic

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

back to top

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

See the entire definition of Thigh

Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

See the entire definition of Vaccination

Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

See the entire definition of Vaccines

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

See the entire definition of Virus

Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

See the entire definition of Viruses

Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

See the entire definition of White blood cell back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary