Hepatitis B Treatment Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hepatitis B Treatment article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

See the entire definition of Abdomen

Acidosis: Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the ac...

See the entire definition of Acidosis

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

See the entire definition of Allergic reaction

Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

See the entire definition of Anemia

Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

See the entire definition of Antibody

Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

See the entire definition of Antigen

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

See the entire definition of Anxiety

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune

Autoimmune hepatitis: A disease in which the body's immune system attacks liver cells, cau...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune hepatitis

B virus: An infectious agent commonly found among macaque monkeys, including rhesus macaqu...

See the entire definition of B virus

Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

See the entire definition of Breastfeeding

Buffalo hump: a layman's term for the deposition of fat in the area behind the base of the...

See the entire definition of Buffalo hump

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

See the entire definition of Carcinoma back to top

Cardiology: The study and treatment of heart disorders.

Cascade: A sequence of successive activation reactions involving enzymes (enzyme cascade) ...

See the entire definition of Cascade

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

See the entire definition of CDC

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

See the entire definition of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

See the entire definition of Chills

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

See the entire definition of Cirrhosis

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

See the entire definition of Depression

Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with ab...

See the entire definition of Diabetes mellitus

DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information...

See the entire definition of DNA

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

ENGERIX-B: A vaccine against the hepatitis B virus. ENGERIX-B stimulates the body's immune...

See the entire definition of ENGERIX-B back to top

Enlarged liver: A liver that is greater in size than normal. Enlarged liver is also known ...

See the entire definition of Enlarged liver

Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

See the entire definition of Enzymes

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Hair loss: Hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term for hair loss ...

See the entire definition of Hair loss

HBV: Hepatitis B virus. A virus which primarily causes inflammation of the liver. The hepa...

See the entire definition of HBV

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hemodialysis: A medical procedure that uses a special machine (a dialysis machine) to fil...

See the entire definition of Hemodialysis

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis

Hepatitis B: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), once thought t...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis B

Hepatitis E: A rare form of liver inflammation caused by infection with the hepatitis E vi...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis E

Hepatocellular carcinoma: A cancer arising from the liver cells (hepatocytes). Liver damag...

See the entire definition of Hepatocellular carcinoma

HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

See the entire definition of HIV back to top

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system

Immunodeficiency: The inability to form a normal immune response. Immunodeficiency can be ...

See the entire definition of Immunodeficiency

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

See the entire definition of Insomnia

Interferon: A naturally occurring substance that interferes with the ability of viruses t...

See the entire definition of Interferon

Intron: Part of a gene that is initially transcribed into the primary RNA transcript but i...

See the entire definition of Intron

Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

See the entire definition of Jaundice

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Lactic acidosis: Acidosis (too much acid in the body) due to the buildup of lactic acid in...

See the entire definition of Lactic acidosis

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

See the entire definition of Metabolic

Methadone: A synthetic opiate. The most common medical use for methadone is as a legal sub...

See the entire definition of Methadone

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle back to top

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

See the entire definition of Pancreas

Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

See the entire definition of Pharmacist

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

See the entire definition of Platelet

Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

See the entire definition of Proteins

Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

See the entire definition of Psychiatric

Rebound: The reversal of response upon withdrawal of a stimulus.

RECOMBIVAX-HB: A vaccine against hepatitis B (hep B) to stimulate the body's immune system...

See the entire definition of RECOMBIVAX-HB

Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Red cells: Short for red blood cells, the oxygen/carbon dioxide carrying cells in blood. A...

See the entire definition of Red cells

Reproduction: The production of offspring. Reproduction need not be sexual; for example, y...

See the entire definition of Reproduction

Resident: In medicine, a physician who has finished medical school and is receiving traini...

See the entire definition of Resident

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance back to top

Semen: The fluid that is released through the penis during orgasm. Semen is made up of flu...

See the entire definition of Semen

Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

See the entire definition of Subcutaneous

Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

See the entire definition of Symptomatic

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

See the entire definition of Thigh

Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

See the entire definition of Vaccination

Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

See the entire definition of Vaccines

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

See the entire definition of Virus

Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

See the entire definition of Viruses

Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

See the entire definition of White blood cell back to top







Medical Dictionary