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Hepatitis B Treatment (cont.)

Hepatitis B Causes

HBV is a tiny organism found in high concentrations in the liver and blood of infected individuals. It is transmitted through contact with infected blood or contact with secretions contaminated with blood cells. For example:

  • intravenous drug users acquire the infection through sharing dirty needles;
  • health care workers can acquire hepatitis B through accidental needle sticks from infected patients;
  • because the virus is present in semen and vaginal fluid, sexual intercourse can also transmit the infection;
  • one of the major routes of infection is from an infected mother to her newborn child. Although these infants may not get very sick, they are very likely to become chronic carriers of the virus and to suffer complications of the infection in later life. Fortunately, prompt vaccination of newborns and other measures can provide significant protection for infants at risk.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/30/2014
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