Hepatitis C (cont.)
Hepatitis C Prognosis
Hepatitis C varies greatly in its long-term effects.
- Most people never develop severe complications of the disease.
- Approximately 15% to 30% of chronically infected people go on to develop
- Cirrhosis from chronic hepatitis C can lead to liver failure. If damage is
severe, liver transplantation is the only treatment.
- Inflammation of the liver and cirrhosis from chronic hepatitis C may lead
to liver cancer.
A small number of people with hepatitis C develop complications outside the
liver. These may affect the skin and connective tissues of the body, the blood
or bone marrow, the muscles, the joints, or the kidneys.
REFERENCES: Last Editorial Review: 10/11/2011
Jensen DM. A new era of hepatitis C therapy begins. N Engl J Med. 2011 Mar 31;364(13):1272-4.
Rosen HR. Clinical practice. Chronic hepatitis C infection. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jun 23;364(25):2429-38
Previous contributing authors and editors: Author: Sandeep Mukherjee,
MD, MB, BCh, Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of
Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Nebraska Medical Center.
Editors: Simmy Bank, MD, MB,
ChB, Chair, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of
Gastroenterology, Long Island Jewish Hospital, Albert Einstein College of
Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine
Must Read Articles Related to Hepatitis C
Cirrhosis is a chronic (ongoing, long-term) disease of the liver. It means damage to the normal liver tissue that keeps this important organ from working as it ...learn more >>
Current and Future Medications for Hepatitis C
Inflammation of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is referred to as hepatitis C. There are a variety of treatments available for he...learn more >>
Liver Blood Tests
Liver blood tests, or liver function tests, are used to detect and diagnose disease or inflammation of the liver. Elevated aminotransferase (ALT, AST) levels ar...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Hepatitis C: