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Hernia (cont.)

Hernia Prognosis

  • Risk of strangulation: In considering when to have a reducible hernia surgically repaired, it is important to know the risk of strangulation.
    • The risk varies with the location and size of the hernia and the length of time it has been present.
    • In general, hernias with large sac contents with a relatively small opening are more likely to become strangulated.
    • Hernias that have been present for many years may become irreducible.
  • Operative complications: Approximately 7% of people undergoing surgical hernia repair will have complications.
    • These are short-term and usually treatable.
    • The hernia that comes back after initial surgical repair can be repaired by the same or an alternate method.
    • Complications include the following:
      • recurrence (most common),
      • urinary retention,
      • wound infection,
      • fluid build-up in scrotum (called hydrocele formation),
      • scrotal hematoma (bruise), and
      • testicular damage on the affected side (rare).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/6/2013

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Hernias »

As defined in 1804 by Astley Cooper, ahernia as a protrusion of any viscus from its proper cavity.

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