- Risk of strangulation: In considering when to have a reducible hernia surgically repaired, it is important to know the risk of strangulation.
- The risk varies with the location and size of the hernia and the length of time it has been present.
- In general, hernias with large sac contents with a relatively small opening are more likely to become strangulated.
- Hernias that have been present for many years may become irreducible.
- Operative complications: Approximately 7% of people undergoing surgical hernia repair will have complications.
- These are short-term and usually treatable.
- The hernia that comes back after initial surgical repair can be repaired by the same or an alternate method.
- Complications include the following:
- recurrence (most common),
- urinary retention,
- wound infection,
- fluid build-up in scrotum (called hydrocele formation),
- scrotal hematoma (bruise), and
- testicular damage on the affected side (rare).
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