Hiccups Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hiccups article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acid reflux: A common condition and an abnormal one in which acid in the stomach rises up...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Alprazolam: A benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central n...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Benzodiazepines: A class of drugs that act as tranquilizers and are commonly used in the t...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain stem: The stem-like part of the base of the brain that is connected to the spinal co...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

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GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Hiccups: A hiccup is an extraordinary type of respiratory movement involving a sudden insp...

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Implantation: The act of setting in firmly.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Internist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. T...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Nicotine: An alkaloid (a nitrogen-containing chemical) made by the tobacco plant or produc...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Opioid: 1. A synthetic narcotic that resembles the naturally occurring opiates. 2. Any sub...

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Otolaryngologist: A physician specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palate: The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back porti...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tablespoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure of capacity that is equal to...

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Teaspoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure that is equal to about 5 cc of...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Vagus nerve: A nerve that supplies nerve fibers to the pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box...

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Xanax: See: Alprazolam.

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Medical Dictionary