High Blood Pressure (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Untreated high blood pressure can lead to fatal heart attacks or strokes. The higher your blood pressure, the greater your risk. Lowering blood pressure lowers the risk of damaging blood vessels and getting atherosclerosis.
High blood pressure usually can't be cured. But it can be controlled. The two types of treatment for high blood pressure are:
For most people, the goal of treatment is to get the blood pressure below 140/90. But a person's goal may be lower. Your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal that is based on your health. For example, your goal may be lower if you have other conditions such as diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or chronic kidney disease.
Treating high blood pressure usually is a lifelong effort.
Treating high blood pressure with lifestyle changes
Your doctor may suggest that you make one or more of the following changes:
For tips on how to do these things, see the Living With High Blood Pressure section of this topic.
Treating high blood pressure with medicines
If lifestyle changes don't work to lower your blood pressure, you probably need to take daily medicines as well.
Medicines control—but usually don't cure—high blood pressure. So you will probably need to take them for the rest of your life. Most people need to take two or more medicines.
Some people find it hard to take their medicines properly. They may feel it's too much trouble—especially when they don't feel sick. Or they're worried about side effects. Some people find it hard to keep track of when and how to take their medicines.
If you have trouble taking high blood pressure medicines for any reason, talk to your doctor.
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