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High Blood Pressure (cont.)

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Media file 1: Blood pressure measurement. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. The only way to tell whether you have high blood pressure is to perform a quick, painless test using a device called a sphygmomanometer. This instrument consists of a gauge and a rubber cuff that's placed around your arm or leg and inflated. The doctor or nurse uses a stethoscope to listen for the appearance and disappearance of sound produced by the pulse in your elbow region. That's how the systolic and diastolic blood pressures are determined.

Media type:  Photo
Media type: Photo

Medically reviewed by Robert J. Bryg, MD; Board Certified Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Cardiovascular Disease

REFERENCES:

American Heart Assosciation (http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2112), http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2112 ; Pischke CR, Weidner G, Elliott-Eller M, Scherwitz L, Merritt-Worden TA, Marlin R, Lipsenthal L, Finkel R, Saunders D, McCormac P, Scheer JM, Collins RE, Guarneri EM, Ornish D.; Comparison of coronary risk factors and quality of life in coronary artery disease patients with versus without diabetes mellitus; Am J Cardiol; 2006 May 1;97(9):1267-73. Epub 2006 Mar 10. Lipsitz LA, Gagnon M, Vyas M, Iloputaife I, Kiely DK, Sorond F, Serrador J, Cheng DM, Babikian V, Cupples LA. Antihypertensive therapy increases cerebral blood flow and carotid distensibility in hypertensive elderly subjects; Hypertension. 2005 Feb;45(2):216-21. Epub 2005 Jan 17. Dyer KL, Pauliks LB, Das B, Shandas R, Ivy D, Shaffer EM, Valdes-Cruz LM.; Use of myocardial performance index in pediatric patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension; J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2006 Jan;19(1):21-7. Hoeper MM, Markevych I, Spiekerkoetter E, Welte T, Niedermeyer J. Goal-oriented treatment and combination therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension; Eur Respir J. 2005 Nov;26(5):858-63. Czupryniak L, Strzelczyk J, Pawlowski M, Loba J. Circadian blood pressure variation in morbidly obese hypertensive patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery; Am J Hypertens. 2005 Apr;18(4 Pt 1):446-51.

Previous contributing authors and editors: Author: Vibhuti N Singh, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI, Director, Suncoast Cardiovascular Research, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of South Florida College of Medicine. Editors: Alan D Forker, MD, Program Director of Cardiovascular Fellowship, Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri at Kansas City School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Michael E Zevitz, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/2/2014

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