High Blood Pressure (cont.)
Self-Care at Home
The management and control of high blood pressure involves two major options,
lifestyle modification and medication.
Lifestyle Modifications to Manage High Blood Pressure
- Aim for a healthy weight range for your height and body type. Your health
care practitioner can help you calculate a healthy target weight.
- Even a small amount of weight loss can make a major difference in lowering
or preventing high blood pressure.
- You must burn more calories than you take in to lose weight.
- Crash or fad diets are not helpful and may be dangerous.
- Some weight loss medications also carry major risks and may even elevate
blood pressure, and great caution is advised in using these drugs. Please ask
your health care practitioner or pharmacist for help in deciding if a weight loss
medication is appropriate for your situation.
Exercise or Increase Physical Activity
- Physical activity reduces
total cholesterol and bad cholesterol (low
density lipoprotein or LDL) and raises the good cholesterol (high density
lipoprotein or HDL).
- Both the American Heart Association (AHA) and the U.S. Surgeon General
recommend 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week.
- Physical activity includes many daily activities such as cleaning the
house, raking the lawn, and walking. Other possible sources of activity can
include using the stairs instead of an elevator or escalator, walking for
errands instead of driving a car, and participating in a sport or social
activity such dancing.
Must Read Articles Related to High Blood Pressure
Angina pectoris is a term to describe chest pain that occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood. There are two types of angina, stable (the most common)...learn more >>
An aortic aneuyrsm is a medical emergency. Abnormal enlargement or buldging of the aorta becomes an aortic aneurysm when this area becoms weakened. Common cause...learn more >>
Atrial fibrillation (A fib) describes a rapid, irregular heart rhythm. The irregular rhythm, or arrhythmia, results from abnormal electrical impulses in the hea...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about High Blood Pressure: